What is Gum, How is it defined?
What is Gum, How is it defined?
If it is important to define gum in priority, gum is one of the tissues that support the tooth, located on the jawbone that surrounds our teeth and tooth roots. It is directly related to the health of the gums, dental health, oral health and general body health. Gum diseases are different from tooth decay and, more aggressively, can damage bone tissue, causing direct loss of one or more teeth. This affects people's aesthetic publication as well as chewing functions, nutrition, speech. It also disrupts facial aesthetics, which leads to a lack of self-confidence in people.
What is Healthy Gum, How to Tell ?
The color is the first way to distinguish healthy gums. Healthy gum roses are pink and do not bleed when brushing, flossing, eating or touching. Healthy gums have a tight appearance that is not swollen and end up like a knife back on the surface of the tooth.
What are gum diseases, how is it determined?
Gum diseases begin primarily from a simple gingivitis called gingivitis. The most obvious sign of gingivation is bleeding. Gum bleeding in brushing, which can sometimes occur out of the blue, is a sign of inflammation. If gingivitis is not treated in time, it eventually spreads to the jaw bones around the tooth and can progress to severe infections called periodontitis, where jaw bones melt over time and teeth are lost by shaking.
With gum diseases, gums swell, red and bleed. When it reaches the jawbone, which is under inflammation in the gums, it begins to dissolve the bone and the gums begin to re pull along with the jawbone. As a result of the loss of the jawbone and the gums that surround it, sensitivity, worning and dissing of the teeth appearance are observed as the root surfaces that should be wrapped with the bone will be exposed. This situation, along with being unhealthy, brings with it an une aesthetic appearance.
In addition, this is one of the main causes of bad halitose.
In smokers, bleeding is less felt due to the narrowing effect of nicotine on the veins, which can mask the disease and prevent it from being noticed.
Why Do Gum Diseases Occur?
In each individual, all tooth surfaces, between teeth and in the combination of teeth and gums, soft, creamy layer of bacteria called microbial dental plaque is observed. When this plaque cannot be adequately removed by toothbrush and floss, an environment is formed that allows harmful bacterial species to live, and harmful bacteria gradually multiply. The harmful substances produced by bacteria cause inflammation in the gums and the melting of the bone surrounding the teeth. In addition, the microbial dental plaque hardens over time and becomes a tooth stone (tartar). More plaque accumulates on the toothstone, which has a rough structure, and the progression of gum disease accelerates. In addition, diseases such as smoking, diabetes and some genetic factors are risk factors that facilitate the emergence of gum disease.
What to Do For Healthy Gums ?
Before going to bed in the morning and at night; brush your teeth twice a day so that they do not drop for 2 minutes. If you have gum disease, this time may not be enough, you may need to brush longer. Change your toothbrush every three months as toothbrushes hold bacteria over time.
Do not forget to examine your dentist once or twice a year and, if your dentist considers it necessary, have your dental stones and bacterial record cleaned professionally. Brushing teeth alone is not enough for daily oral care. Interface brushes and floss and dental floss should be cleaned. Both normal and electric brushes clean very effectively when applied with the correct technique. Learn the correct brushing technique from your physician.
If the teeth cleaning is done correctly, it does not damage the teeth contrary to what is said among the public. On the contrary, not cleaning teeth will damage teeth and oral health for all the reasons mentioned above.